Altmetric collects certain meta tags from the source code of a research output webpage, in order to recognize the research output when it is mentioned or shared in one of the attention sources we track. When a research output is mentioned in a source that Altmetric tracks, such as a policy document, our system visits the research output page to link up the attention. Altmetric looks at the source code of the research output page in order to collect the relevant metadata needed to identify the research output.



What metadata should be included on the research output page?


Altmetric's minimum metadata requirement is two of the supported meta tags listed in the table below, one of which must be a registered unique scholarly identifier (the only exception to this are journal articles that have a Crossref-registered DOI - see this page for more detail). This will enable us to associate attention to the correct research output. 

We recommend adding at least the following meta tags for all research outputs:


  • Identifier (e.g., <citation_doi>) - required; one of the meta tags must include a unique identifier.

  • Title (e.g., <citation_title>)

  • Author (e.g., <citation_author>)

  • ISSN - if applicable (e.g., <citation_issn) 


More metadata is better! More detailed metadata improves the bibliographic information for the record of your research held in the Altmetric database, and enhances the online visibility across search indexes and services such as Google Scholar.


We recommend adding as many of the supported meta tags listed in the table below as possible (one meta tag per value is preferred).


Crossref-Registered DOIs


For journal articles with a Crossref-registered DOI, you only need to have the DOI meta tag in the source code. The rest of the metadata, such as title or publication date, will be retrieved directly from the Crossref API (more information on how we do this is available here). 


Here’s an example of the meta tag you could use to display your DOI: 

  • Identifier (e.g., <meta name="DC.Identifier" content="10.1136/bmj.k3845" /> )


Supported metadata tags


Please note that all tag names are not case sensitive and we only require one tag per value.


Value

Meta tag

DOI (unique identifier)

  • citation_doi

  • Doi

  • DC.Identifier

  • DC.DOI

  • DC.Identifier.DOI

  • DOIs

  • bepress_citation_doi

  • rft_id

PubMed ID (unique identifier)

  • citation_pmid

arXiv ID (unique identifier)

  • citation_arxiv_id

SSRNs (unique identifier)

  • citation_abstract_html_url

ISBN (unique identifier)

 

  • citation_isbn

Authors

  • citation_author

  • bepress_citation_author

  • DC.creator

Article title

  • DC.title

  • citation_title

ISSN

  • citation_issn

  • bepress_citation_issn

Journal title

  • citation_journal_title

  • bepress_citation_journal_title

Journal issue

  • citation_issue

Journal volumes

  • citation_volume

Publishers

  • citation_publisher

  • bepress_citation_publisher

Publication dates

  • citation_online_date

  • bepress_citation_online_date

PDF URLs

  • citation_pdf_url

  • bepress_citation_pdf_url



Step-by-step guide for assessing your metadata

  1. On a journal article or other research output, view the source code for the webpage. (Usually accessible by right-clicking anywhere on the page and selecting "View Page Source" or similar.)

  2. Look or search (via cmd/ctrl+f) for the meta tags that we support (see table above).

  3. Determine if at least two pieces of metadata listed in the table above are visible on the page (one of these must be an identifier such as DOI, PubMed ID or arXiv ID) OR, if the output is a journal article, determine if there is a Crossref-registered DOI in the metadata.


Example

 

In the example below for an article published in Nature, we can see several of the meta tags that Altmetric requires in the source code of the page. This includes DC.identifier (with the DOI), DC.title, DC.creator, citation_title and citation_online_date.  

 

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When research outputs hosted on nature.com are mentioned or shared in one of the attention sources we track, we follow the links from the mention and use the meta tags we find on the research output page to match the mention with the corresponding research output.